UNATC is the only state-financed higher-education institution in Romania, active in the fields of both Theatre and Film.
The first theatre faculty in Romania began its activity in 1834 within the Philharmonic School. A Faculty of Stage Direction opened in 1948 within the Romanian Art Institute – at that time (1948-1950), the center of all Romanian higher education in the arts. The institution went through various changes in the 20th century, and in 1990 a series of reforms were made at the new Academy of Theatre and Film. New specializations were added, such as Audiovisual Communication and Multimedia: Sound-Editing (both at the Film Faculty), Puppets-Marionettes, Choreography and Scenography (at the Theatre Faculty). The number of students went up, while the curricula and study programs were continuously improved and diversified. In 1998, the Academy of Theatre and Film became the University of Theatre and Film I.L. Caragiale (UATC). As of 2001 it became the National University of Theatre and Film I.L. Caragiale (UNATC). Today there are more than 450 young artists studying at the university under the tutelage of more than 100 permanent, and 70 guest lecturers working in the fields of theatre and film arts. Students create more than 30 theatre productions every year in one of the four theatre spaces at UNATC. The university is also home to four local theatre festivals, and one national film festival, the CineMaIubit as well.